What kind of rabbit cage rabbits live in the most comfortable. The design and construction of the rabbit house should conform to the biological characteristics of rabbits, be conducive to environmental control, sanitation and epidemic prevention, facilitate breeding and management, and improve labor efficiency; the construction of the rabbit house should consider the input-output ratio.
The selection of materials should be adapted to local conditions and local materials should be selected. On the premise of meeting the biological requirements of rabbits, minimize the investment in order to reduce construction costs.
First, the materials. The building materials of the rabbit house, especially the rabbit cage, should be sturdy and durable to prevent it from being bitten and damaged by rabbits; measures should be taken to prevent rabbits from burrowing and escaping. Corresponding measures should be taken to prevent rain, moisture, heatstroke and temperature, animal damage and severe cold in the building.
Again, the basics. The foundation of the rabbit house should be strong and durable. It is generally 10-15 cm wider than the wall, and the embedding depth is below the maximum freezing depth of the local soil layer.
Indoor walls should be firm, flat, smooth, earthquake-resistant, waterproof, fire-resistant, frost-resistant and easy to disinfect, and have good thermal insulation performance; the inner wall of the cement prefabricated rabbit cage and the fecal surface of the fecal plate are required to easily eliminate dirt , Easy to clean and disinfect.
The roof and ceiling should be tight and airtight. In areas with a lot of rain, snow and wind, the roof slope should be larger. The floor should be firm and compact, flat and not slippery, resistant to corrosion by disinfectants and other chemicals, easy to clean, and good in heat preservation and heat insulation. The floor should be 20-30 cm above the ground level outside the house. There should be slopes on both sides of the walkway in the house to prevent water and urine from staying on the walkway.
For epidemic prevention and disinfection, disinfection pools or disinfection plates should be set up at the entrance of rabbit farms and rabbit houses.
Also, height. The height of the rabbit house should be determined according to the form of the cage and the climate characteristics. In cold areas, the height of the rabbit house should be low, about 2.5 meters. In hot areas and the practice of multi-layer cages, the span should be increased by 0.5-1 meters. The single-layer rabbit cage can be lower, and the three-layer rabbit cage should be higher.
In addition, doors and windows. The door of the rabbit house should be sturdy, easy to open, close tightly, and generally open outward. There are no sharp objects on the surface and no steps under the door. The outer door of the rabbit house is generally 1.2 meters wide and 2 meters high. Longer rabbit shelters should have doors in the middle of the sun wall, and doors should not be installed on the north wall of the end wall in cold areas; windows have a great influence on lighting, natural ventilation, and temperature and humidity adjustment. Generally, the ratio of the effective lighting area of the floor of the rabbit house to the window is: breeding rabbit house 10:1, young rabbit house 15:1, incident angle not less than 25°, and light transmission angle not less than 5°. It is generally required to keep the light for 8-14 hours a day.
To discharge sewage again, the sewage facilities of the rabbit house include urine ditch, sedimentation tank, hidden ditch, shut-off device and fecal storage tank. This system should be able to expel feces and urine in the house in time. The excrement ditch should have a certain slope (about 1%), with a smooth surface, and be treated with anti-seepage treatment.
Full disinfection should be carried out before fattening, and healthy, immunized rabbits should be selected for fattening. There should be an adaptation period of about 1 week before switching to fattening feed to avoid digestive tract diseases.
In order to improve the fattening effect, the male rabbits should be castrated before fattening. During the fattening period, check the fattening rabbits frequently, and deal with the sick rabbits in time.
Fattening cage Fattening rabbits should be raised in cages, which can reduce the incidence of parasitic diseases, digestive tract diseases and other diseases, effectively increase the survival rate of fattening rabbits and improve the fattening effect. According to reports, when fed the same feed, caged rabbits gain 250-350 grams more weight than free-range rabbits at the age of 3 months, and consume about 10% less feed.
The size of the fattening cage is suitable to accommodate rabbits, which can limit the exercise of fattening rabbits, which is conducive to the increase of weight and the improvement of feed utilization. However, it is better to fatten Rex rabbits in a single cage.
The temperature of the finishing environment is 15-25℃, and the humidity is 60%-65%. Using total darkness or 4 watts of low light per square meter can promote growth and improve fattening effects.
Fattening feed Fattening diets must be rich in protein, energy, appropriate crude fiber levels and other nutrients. In order to improve the fattening effect, some additives can be used, such as flavoring agents to improve the palatability of fattening rations, growth promoters to promote growth, and compound additives. The feed is preferably pellet feed.
Feeding methods There are two feeding methods for fattening rabbits, one is the regular and quantitative restricted feeding method; the other is the free feeding method. For young rabbits, it is advisable to adopt a timed quantitative method in the early period of fattening, because the young rabbits have poor digestive function, which is conducive to the secretion of digestive juices and reduce the incidence of digestive diseases; in the late period of fattening, it is advisable to adopt free-feeding methods, which is beneficial Gain weight and shorten the fattening period. The fattening of eliminated breeding rabbits can adopt the whole period of free feeding.
Fattening period Generally speaking, the fattening of meat rabbits is about 60 days from weaning to 3 months of age. You can also fatten the final weight up to 2.5 kg to determine the fattening period. It is advisable to eliminate rabbits to gain 1-1.5 kg in 30 days.
The nutrient level of the feed is too high, or the feeding amount is often excessive, making the female rabbit too obese. Over-fat female rabbits have high body fat content, more fat deposits in the oviduct wall, less elasticity, difficulty for the egg to move to the ampulla of the oviduct, hindering the combination of sperm and egg.
The low nutritional value of the feed or the insufficient daily dose can not guarantee the nutritional needs of the female rabbits. The female rabbits will have rough and dull coat, thin body, and arched back. When the female rabbit is too thin, the endocrine system is affected, the gonadal secretion is imbalanced, the estrus is not or the estrus cycle is prolonged; at the same time, the uterine mucosa is very thin, even if it is matched, it is not easy to sit in the fetus. If the nutrient level is too low, the secretion of gonadotropin-releasing factor in the hypothalamus is inhibited, and the secretion of other hormones is also affected. Endocrine disorders affect the survival of embryos, leading to a decline in reproduction rate.
Vitamin deficiency The vitamins related to reproduction are vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin B1, and vitamin E.
Vitamin A: Vitamin A plays an important role in the growth and development, reproduction, and disease resistance of rabbits. It is an indispensable substance for maintaining the normal epithelial cells of various tissues and organs. Lack of vitamin A will keratinize the epithelial cells of the reproductive organs, and reduce the function of the reproductive system.
Vitamin D: Vitamin D can promote the absorption of calcium in rabbits and promote the growth of rabbits. If it is lacking, the rabbits will have soft bones and hinder reproduction.
Vitamin E: Vitamin E, also known as tocopherol, plays an antioxidant role in rabbits and prevents the oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids in the body. When vitamin E is deficient in rabbits, the unsaturated fatty acids in the rabbits are excessively oxidized to produce excessive peroxides, which can cause pathological changes in the shape and function of reproductive organs, destroy reproductive cells, and cause reproduction disorders.
Vitamin B1: Vitamin B1, also known as thiamine, is the coenzyme part of the keto acid oxidation and decarboxylation reactions in the carbohydrate metabolism in rabbits. When vitamin B1 is deficient, the metabolism of pyruvate is blocked, causing pyruvate to accumulate in the brain and blood and cause poisoning. Due to the obstruction of glucose metabolism and insufficient energy supply, neurological dysfunction is caused. Female rabbits will experience ovarian atrophy, follicular development stagnation, embryos will be absorbed and empty, and pregnant female rabbits will experience stillbirth and abortion. After giving birth, the baby rabbits will have weak vitality and lactation. Drop etc.
1. Insist on self-reproduction and self-support.
Adhering to the principle of "self-reproduction and self-support" is an effective way to control infectious diseases. Therefore, rabbit farms or professional rabbit-raising households are required to select healthy male rabbits and female rabbits, and breed young rabbits on their own to prevent the introduction of rabbits from introducing rabbit diseases and causing the spread of the disease. The heterosis of the first generation of crosses can also be used to improve the quality of breeding rabbits and the survival rate of young rabbits to reduce the cost of raising rabbits.
2. Insist on regular selenium supplementation.
Selenium is a kind of trace element. Most areas of our country are selenium-poor or selenium-deficient areas. Long-term selenium deficiency in rabbits can cause diseases. The lack of selenium makes the rabbits anemia, stunted growth, reduced disease resistance, infertility, miscarriage, stillbirth, and severe cases of myocardial degeneration can cause sudden death. In particular, the young rabbits born in winter and spring lack green feed and light for a long time, and this disease occurs frequently. Therefore, raising rabbits in selenium-deficient areas should be regarded as as important as rabbit plague. Usually, selenium should be supplemented regularly. Each pregnant rabbit is injected with 0.1% sodium selenite 0.1ml 10 days before delivery. After weaning, the pups and young rabbits were given sodium selenite once, that is, 0.1 ml of 0.1% sodium selenite was taken to 50 pups and young rabbits and mixed in the drinking water for one drink. Can effectively prevent selenium deficiency.
3. Vaccination in time.
There are many diseases that harm the rabbit industry, but the main one is rabbit plague. Because there is no specific medicine for the treatment of rabbit plague, once the disease occurs, the whole group will be wiped out. Therefore, timely vaccination of rabbit plague vaccine is a reliable measure to prevent the disease.
But three points should be paid attention to when vaccinating:
1. Make sure that the vaccine is effective when vaccinating.
2. Make sure that the inoculation site is accurate, the amount of medicine is sufficient, and the liquid medicine should not be drained.
3. Each rabbit must be subcutaneously injected with 1 ml of rabbit plague vaccine 2 months after birth, and immunity will develop in about 7 days, and the immune period is 6 months. Adult rabbits must be vaccinated in spring and autumn to ensure immunity.
4. Deworming regularly.
Regular deworming has the dual significance of eliminating the source of infection, preventing the spread of the disease and treating sick rabbits. Therefore, the whole swarm should be dewormed in spring and autumn. Albendazole has the characteristics of high efficiency, low toxicity and broad spectrum. It is the first choice for deworming in spring and autumn. It can repel nematodes, tapeworms, tapeworms and flukes. At the same time, young rabbits are most prone to coccidiosis outbreaks and have a high mortality rate. Prevention should be focused on improving the survival rate of young rabbits. From weaning to 3 months of age, the young rabbits can receive a good preventive effect by taking 1 tablet of chlorphenirin a day. In addition, rabbit mitosis is a serious parasitic disease that harms the rabbit industry. It is difficult to prevent and cure this disease. Because rabbits are not resistant to bathing, they can only be effectively prevented through regular and comprehensive surveys and timely treatment of diseased rabbits. happened.
Shandong Jinmuyuan Animal Husbandry Equipment Co., Ltd. was founded in 2008. The company is located in Datingzi Industrial Park, Anqiu City, Shandong Province. It is a comprehensive enterprise integrating R&D, production, sales, installation and after-sales.